Training to fight
Tomasz Siemoniak, the Polish defense minister, has ruled out Poland following in that lead, but suggests instead of universal conscription, Poland could call up men with no military experience to take part in compulsory army training and develop local fighting units akin to the U.S. National Guard.
Recent legislation, signed by Ewa Kopacz, the Polish prime minister, is designed to improve the capabilities of its armed forces to counter concerns over Russia’s intentions in Central Europe.
Under previous draft rules, the armed forces could only call up personnel who had served in the military, but now any able-bodied male could be drafted in times of crisis or for specialist peacetime training deemed necessary.
Poland ended its draft in 2008 in favor of developing small but highly trained professional
armed service. But, since war broke out in neighboring Ukraine and relations with Russia — Poland’s historical foe and still a nation few Poles trust — plummeted, Poland has scrambled to strengthen its military.
Poland is engaged in a program to beef up its military capabilities. The country has embarked on a lavish defense spending spree to buy new heavy arms and equipment.